Archaeology

Major Chronological Periods

Dating from the Stone Age to late Medieval and listing associated artefacts…

Much of the later history of our area is well known and documented in books such as “STUR- The History of Sturminster Newton”. Earlier archaeological investigation ranges from the Neolithic period, c 3000 BC, until the late medieval, c 1500 AD. Although much of the latter is certain and evidence based, some of it is still open to interpretation.


Prehistoric period: 4,000 BC – 43 AD

The wider area has some outstanding prehistoric monuments, some of the international importance, some right on our doorstep.

SNMMS-Archaeology

At Hambledon Hill, earliest occupation was in the Neolithic when a pair of causewayed enclosures were dug at the top of the hill, one smaller than the other. They were linked by a bank and ditch running northwest–southeast.

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Sturminster Castle / Fort


Roman Period: 43 AD – 425 AD

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There is evidence of Roman occupation all round Sturminster Newton with major villa sites at Hinton St Mary, Fifehead Neville, Iwerne Minster and Shillingstone and a Roman camp at Hambledon Hill.

Photo: Christian iconography in the 4th century mosaic at Hinton St Mary. The mosaic is owned by the British Museum.

 

 


Anglo-Saxon period: 425 AD – 1066 AD

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The dark ages. There is little documentary evidence for the events in this period but recent archaeology supports evidence for a Saxon minster centred around St Mary’s Church in Sturminster Newton.

Photo: Clues to a very early period are still evident in place and property names such as this and the adjacent Ham(me) Gate.

 


Medieval period: 1066 AD – 1600 AD

SNMMS-Archaeology 4The Norman Conquest bought not only Domesday but also saw the expansion of the Monasteries, The Monastic influence of Glastonbury and Shaftesbury Abbeys was a major driver behind a reorganisation of the landscape in this area.

Photo: Remains of the mid-14th century manor built in Newton by the abbots of Glastonbury.

 


Excavations and surveys

SNMMS-Archaeology 5The Mill and Museum Society hosted and participated in a community archaeological project in 2010 in and around an area thought to represent the scope of a Saxon minster in the town. Many local people got involved and the project made a substantial contribution to the archaeology of the area.

Photo: A community archaeology project in 2010-11 excavated one metre square test pits in and around the Minster complex.